Al-Baqarah, Surah The Cow (Qur'an: Surat-2-Al-Baqarah)
The Noble Qur'an
2/Al-Baqarah-1: Alif, leam, mim., 2/Al-Baqarah-2: Zealikal kiteabu lea rayba feeh(feehi), hudan lil muttakeen(muttakeena)., 2/Al-Baqarah-3: Allazeena yu’minoona bil gaaybi va yukeemoonas saaleata va mimmea raazaakneahum yunfikoon(yunfikoona).
Al-Baqarah, Surah The Cow (Qur'an: Surat-2-Al-Baqarah)
Bismillaah ir rahmaan ir raheem
Alif, Lam, Meem.
This is the Book; about which there is no doubt (in any form), a Hidayet for the owners of Piety.
Those (owners of piety) who believe (in Allah) in the unseen, perform their prayers, and (give to others) spend out of what We have provided for them.
That they (the owners of piety) believe in what has been revealed to you and what was revealed before you (to all Holy Scriptures), and they believe in the Hereafter (that they will render their spirits back to Allah) at a certain level.
Those are upon a Hidayet from their Lord, and it is those who are the successful (in Salvation).
Verily, those who disbelieve, it is the same to them whether you warn them or do not warn them, they will not believe.
Allah has set a seal on their hearts and on their sight there is a covering. For them there is a great torment.
And of mankind, there are some (hypocrites) who say: “We believe in Allah and the Last Day and they are not at all believers”.
They (think they) deceive Allah and those who believe and they deceive only themselves and they do not perceive (it).
In their hearts is a disease and Allah has increased their disease. There is a painful torment for them because they lied (about rendering their spirit to Allah before death).
And when it is said to them (to those whose hearts are impeded and whose disease Allah has increased because they prevent others from Guidance): “Do not make mischief in the earth (do not prevent others from the way of Allah)” they say: “We are only those who improve [those who teach the Religion and who purify the souls (hearts)]”.
Now surely they themselves are the mischief makers, but they do not perceive (it), do they?
And when it is said to them: “Be “âmenû” (believe in wishing to reach Allah before death) as the people have believed”, they say: “Shall we believe as the fools have believed”? Verily, they are the fools, but they do not know, do they?
And when they meet those who believe (who are “âmenû”) they say: “We believe”, but when they are alone with their satans, they say: “Truly, we are with you, we were but mocking”.
Allah (Himself) does mock at them, and He leaves them alone in their inordinacy, blindly wandering on.
These are they who have purchased Misguidance for Guidance, so their commerce did not bring any gain and they had not attained Guidance.
Their likeness (condition) is as the likeness of one who kindled a fire; then, when it lighted all around him, Allah took away their light and left them in darkness. (So) they could not see.
(They are) deaf, dumb (and) blind, so they do not return (to their Lord).
Or like (the one exposed to) a rainstorm from the sky, wherein is darkness and thunder and lightning; they put their fingers into their ears for fear of Allah and Allah encompasses the disbelievers.
The lightning almost takes away (dazzles) their sight; whenever it flashes for them, they walk in it, and when it becomes dark to them they stand still; and if Allah had willed He would certainly have taken away their hearing and their sight; surely Allah has power over all things.
O men (mankind)! Serve (be servants to) your Lord Who created you and those before you, so that you may become the pious [(Al-Muttakûn, the possessors of the piety (Takvâ)].
Who made the earth a bed (a resting place) for you, and the heaven (the sky) a canopy (edifice), and it is He who sends down water (rain) from the sky, then brings forth with it subsistence for you of the fruits; and do not set up rivals to Allah knowingly [while you know (that He Alone has the right to be served, worshipped)].
And if you are in doubt as to that which We have sent down to Our servant, then produce a Sûrah (chapter) of the like thereof and call your witnesses (who are) apart from Allah, if you are truthful.
But if you cannot do it-and you can never do it, then guard yourselves against the Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, prepared for the disbelievers (unbelievers).
And give glad tidings to those who are “âmenû” (who wish to reach Allah in spirit before death) and do improving deeds (that purify and refine the souls’ hearts), that for them will be Gardens under which rivers flow. Every time they will be provided with a fruit there from, they will say: “This is what we were provided with before” and they will be given things in resemblance (i.e. in the same form but different in taste) and there will be therein for them purified wives (mates) and they will abide therein forever.
Surely Allah is not ashamed to set forth a parable even of a mosquito (a gnat) or any thing above that; then as for those who are âmenû (who believe, who wish to reach Allah while they are living), they know that it is the truth from their Lord, and as for those who disbelieve, they say: “What is it that Allah means by this parable”? By it He misleads (He leaves) many in Misguidance, and many He guides thereby. And he misleads thereby only those who are “Al-Fâsiqûn” (the ones who are not in the Way of Allah or who have gone out of it).
Who break Allah’s Covenant after the Pact that they had made with Allah (on the day of “Qâlû belâ” (in the pre-eternity) they said: “Yes, You are our Lord! and cut asunder (sever) what Allah has ordered them to return to Him (Allah) (they prevent others from making their spirits reach Allah and because of this) they do mischief on earth, it is they who are the losers (those whose positive degrees they have gained are fewer than their negative degrees)”.
How can you disbelieve in Allah? (How do you deny Allah) and (on the Day of Resurrection, after the Trumpet is blown the first time) you were dead, (as the Time works backwards on the Day of Resurrection) He gave you life. Then (when the Trumpet is blown the second time) He will cause you to die (anew) and then (when the Trumpet is blown the third time) He will bring you again to life and you will return to Him (in the Divine Presence).
He it is Who created for you all that there is in (on) the Earth; then He rose over towards the heaven and fashioned it into seven heavens. He has full knowledge of all things (He is All-Knowing).
And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: “Verily, I am going to place on the earth a vicegerent (Caliph)”, they said: “Will you place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood and we glorify you with praises and sanctify You”? He said: “Surely I know what you do not know”.
And He taught Adam all the names, then He showed them to the Angels and said: “Tell Me the names of these, if you are truthful”.
They said: “Glory be to You, we have no knowledge except that which you have taught us. Verily, it is You, the All-Knowing, the All-Wise”.
He said: “O Adam! Inform them of their names” and when he had informed them of their names, He (Allah) said: “Did I not say to you that I surely know the Unseen (the Ghaib) in the heavens and the earth and I know what you manifest and what you hide (conceal)”.
And (remember) when We said to the angels: “Prostrate yourselves before Adam” and they prostrated themselves, except Iblîs (Satan), he refused and he was proud and he was one of the unbelievers.
And We said: “O Adam! Dwell you and your wife in the Paradise and eat both of you freely with pleasure and delight, of things therein wherever you wish and do not approach this tree, for then you will be of the wrong-doers (the unjust, the transgressors)”.
Then Satan made them slip there from and got them out from that (blessing) in which they were; and We said: “Get down, some of you being the enemies of others and there is for you in the earth a dwelling- place and a provision for a time”.
Then Adam received from his Lord (some) words. (And repented to his Lord) and He accepted his repentance. Verily, He is the Forgiver, the Most Merciful (the One who sends the light of mercy).
We said: “Get down from here all of you (from Paradise), then whenever there comes to you Guidance from Me, and whoever depends on (follows) My Guidance, there shall be no fear on them, nor shall they grieve”.
And (as to) those who disbelieve and belie (reject) Our Signs (Âyât), they are the inmates of the Fire, where they will remain forever.
O Children of Israel! Remember My Blessing which I bestowed upon you and fulfill My Covenant (with you) so that I fulfill your covenant (with Me), and fear Me Alone.
And believe in what I have sent down (this Qur’ân), confirming that which is with you (the Torah), and be not the first to deny it, neither take a mean price in exchange for My Verses, and fear Me and Me Alone.
And do not mix up the truth with the falsehood, nor knowingly conceal the truth.
Establish Salât-Prayer, and give Zakât, and bow down with those who bow down.
What! Do you enjoin Al-Birr [the purification of the soul’s heart and the submission (to Allah)] onto others but you forget it yourselves while you read the Book? Have you then no sense?
And seek assistance (from Allah) through patience and Prayer (the requirement prayer) and truly it (asking Allah about a Murshid/guide who will make them reach Allah through the requirement prayer) is extremely heavy and hard except for the owners of “Hushu” (reverence, 2% of light of mercy accumulation in the soul’s heart through the remembrance of the Name of Allah)].
(These owners of Hushu are those) who are certain that they are going to meet with their Lord (while they are alive) and that they shall return to Him (after death as well).
O Children of Israel! Remember My Blessing that I bestowed upon you and how I preferred you above all the worlds.
And guard yourselves against a Day when a soul shall not avail another, nor will intercession be accepted from him nor will compensation be taken from him nor will they be helped.
And (remember) when We delivered you from Pharaoh’s people, who were afflicting you with a horrible torment, killing your sons and sparing your women and in this there was a great trial from your Lord.
And (remember) when We parted the sea for you, so We saved you and drowned Pharaoh’s people while you were looking (at them, when the sea-water covered them).
And (remember) when We appointed for Moses forty nights, then you took the calf (for a god) after him and you were wrongdoers (unjust).
Then We forgave you after that (after your taking the calf for a god) so that you might give thanks.
And We gave Moses the Book and the Discernment (Furqân) that you might attain Guidance.
And when Moses said to his people: “O my people, you have wronged yourselves by taking the calf (for a god), therefore turn to your Creator in repentance, and kill yourselves. That is best for you with your Creator, Thus He accepted your repentance. Surely, He is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful”.
And when you said to Moses (Mûsâ): “we shall never believe in you until we see Allah manifestly”. But you were seized with a thunder-bolt while you were looking on.
Then We raised you up after your death so that you might be grateful.
And We made the clouds to give shade over you and sent down upon you Al-Manna (a kind of sweet gum) and the quails, (saying): “Eat of the good lawful things We have provided for you”. And they did not wrong Us but they wronged themselves (their own souls).
And (remember) when We said: “Go into this town and eat bountifully from it (from its blessings) wherever you wish, and enter the gate in prostration and say: “Hıtta” (we wish that our sins may be forgiven) and We shall forgive your sins (We shall change your sins into merits) and shall increase (the blessings) for the good-doers (Muhsinûn - those who have submitted their physical bodies to Allah and became servants to Him)”.
But the wrongdoers changed the word from that which had been told to them for another (word), so We sent upon the wrong-doers a pestilence from the heaven, because they strayed (they fell into “Fisq” - they went out of the Way of Allah).
And when Moses asked for water for his people, We said to him: “Strike the rock with your staff”! Then gushed forth from it twelve springs; each tribe knew its drinking-place: Eat and drink of that which Allah has provided and do not act corruptly in the earth making mischief.
And (remember) when you said: “O Moses! We cannot endure one kind of food. So invoke your Lord for us to bring forth for us of what the earth grows, of its herbs and its cucumbers and its garlic, its lentils and its onions”. He said: “Will you exchange that which is better (higher) for that which is worse (lower)”? Go down to the settled country (Egypt) and you shall find what you want (ask for). And abasement and humiliation were brought down (branded) upon them, and they incurred the Wrath of Allah, because they disbelieved in the Signs (Verses) of Allah and killed the Prophets wrongfully; this was so because they disobeyed and exceeded the limits.
Surely those who believe (who are “âmenû”), and those who are Jews and the Christians and the Sabians, whoever (amongst those) believes in Allah and the Last Day and does righteous deeds (purifies their soul’s heart), they shall have their Reward with their Lord, and there is no fear for them, nor shall they grieve.
And (remember) when We took your covenant and We raised above you the Mount (saying): “Hold fast to that which We have given you, and remember that which is in it so that you may become the pious (Al-Muttaqûn, those who want to reach Allah while they are living)”.
Then after that (after I took your covenant) you turned back (away). Had it not been for the (lights of) virtue (Fazl) and mercy (Rahmet) upon you, indeed you would have been among the losers.
And indeed you knew those among you who transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath (the prohibition of the fishing on Saturday), so We said to them: “Be detested apes! (Be you monkeys, despised and rejected)”.
So We made (this punishment) an example to their own and to succeeding generations and an admonition to those who are the pious [the owners of takvâ (piety)].
And (remember) when Moses (Mûsâ) said to his people: “Verily, Allah commands you that you should sacrifice a cow”. They said: “Are you making fun of us”? He said: “I take Allah’s Refuge from being one of the Ignorant (the foolish)”.
They said: “Call on your Lord for us that He may make plain to us what it is”! He (Moses) said: “He says: “Verily, it is a cow neither too old nor too young, of middle age between that (and this); do therefore what you are commanded”.
They said: “Call on your Lord for our sake to make it plain to us what her color is”, He (Moses) said: “He (Allah) says: It is a yellow cow, bright in its color, giving delight to the beholders”.
They said: “Call upon your Lord for us to make plain to us what it is. Verily, to us all cows are alike. And surely, if Allah wills, we shall be rightly guided (in regards to the cow that is to be sacrificed)”.
He (Moses) said: “He says: It is a cow neither trained to till the soil nor water the fields, sound, having no other color except bright yellow”. They said: “Now you have brought the truth; so they sacrificed her though they were near to not doing it”.
And (remember) when you killed a man and began to accuse one another (by concealing his murderer). But Allah brought forth what you concealed.
So We said: “Strike him (the dead man) with a piece of it (the cow) (when he was struck with it, the dead man was brought to life)”. Thus Allah brings the dead to life and shows you His Signs (proofs of His Omnipotence) so that you may understand.
Then, after that, your hearts were hardened (and turned gloomy) and became as stones or even worse in hardness. And indeed there are stones out of which rivers gush forth, and indeed, there are of them (stones) which split asunder so that water flows from them, and indeed there are of them (stones) which fall down for fear of Allah. And Allah is not Unaware of what you do.
Do you (faithful believers!) covet that they will believe in you, and a party from among them indeed used to hear the Word of Allah (the Torah), then they used to alter it knowingly after they understood it?
And when they (Jews) meet those who are “âmenû” (who wish to reach Allah before death), they say: “We believe (we became âmenû)”, but when they are alone one with another, they say: “Do you talk to them of what Allah has disclosed to you (about the description and the qualities of Prophet Muhammad) that they may argue with you about it before your Lord”? Have you (Jews) then no understanding (sense)?
Do they not know that Allah knows what they keep secret and what they make known?
And some of them are illiterates. They do not know the Book (of Allah) but only vain desires (existing in the books written by the men), and they do but conjecture (guess).
Then woe to those who write the book with their own hands and then say: “This is from Allah, to sell it for a little price”! Therefore woe to them for what their hands have written and woe to them for what they earn thereby.
And they say: “The Fire (on the Day of Resurrection) shall not touch us but for a few numbered days”. (We will burn as much as our sins, then we will leave it in order to go into Paradise). Say: “Have you taken a covenant from Allah, so that Allah will not break His Covenant? Or do you speak against Allah what you do not know”?
No, (it is not as you guess it) whoever earns evil and his sins have surrounded him, they are the inmates of the Fire (Hell); they will dwell in it forever.
And those who believe (who are “âmenû”) and do righteous deeds (that purify and refine their souls’ hearts), they are the dwellers of Paradise, they will dwell therein forever.
And (remember) when We took a covenant from the Children of Israel, (saying): “Serve (become servants to) Allah (Alone) and show kindness (do good) to (your) parents and to the near of kin and to the orphans and the needy (who are incapable of earning their livelihood) and speak good to people and establish the Prayer and pay the Zakât (the alms)”. Then you turned back except a few of you and you are (anyway) backsliders.
And (remember) when We took your covenant (saying): “You shall not shed your blood and you shall not expel one another from your homes. And you ratified (it) and (to this) you bore witness”.
After this, it is you who kill one another and drive out a party of you from their homes, assist (their enemies) against them in sin and transgression. And if they come to you as captives (you do not nevertheless let them remain in their homes), you ransom them, although their expulsion was unlawful for you. Do you then believe in a part of the Book and disbelieve in the other? Then what is the reward of those who do so among you, except disgrace in the life of this world, and on the Day of Resurrection they shall be exposed to the most grievous torment. And Allah is not at all Unaware (Heedless) of what you do.
Those are they who have bought the life of this world at the price of the Hereafter. Their torment shall not be lightened nor shall they be helped.
And most certainly We gave Moses the Book and followed him up with a succession of Messengers. And We gave Jesus (Îsâ), the son of Mary (Maryam), clear proofs and strengthened (supported) him with the Holy Spirit (the Angel Gabriel). What! Whenever then a Messenger came to you with that which your souls did not desire, you were insolent (arrogant) so you called some liars and some you killed.
And they say: “Our hearts are wrapped”. Nay, Allah has cursed them for their disbelief. So little is that which they believe.
And when there came to them a Book (this Qur’ân) from Allah confirming what is with them (the Torah) (they did not accept it), although aforetime they used to pray for conquest and victory over those who disbelieved (for the sake of the Prophet mentioned in the Torah when they were constrained). When there came to them which they had recognized (the Prophet whose description and qualities are made known in the Torah), they disbelieved in it (him); so Allah’s curse is on the disbelievers.
How evil is that for which they have sold their souls (themselves)- that they should disbelieve in that which Allah has sent down, out of envy that Allah should send down of His (light of) Virtue (Fazl) on whomsoever of His servants He wills (pleases). So they have drawn on themselves wrath upon wrath. And for the disbelievers there is a disgracing torment.
And when it is said to them: “Believe in what Allah has sent down”, they say: “We believe in what was sent down to us. And they disbelieved in that which came after it, while it is the truth confirming what is with them”. Say: “Why then have you killed the Prophets of Allah aforetime, if you indeed have been believers”?
And most certainly Moses came to you with clear signs, then you took the calf (for a god) in his absence and you were wrong-doers (unjust, polytheists).
And (remember) when We took your covenant and We raised above you the Mount (saying): “Hold firmly to what We have given you (the Torah) and hear (My Orders)”. They said: “We have heard and disobeyed”. For their disbelief, they were made to drink into (imbibe, absorb) their hearts (the love of) the Calf. Say: “Evil is that which your belief enjoins you to, if you are believers”.
Say: “If the abode of the Hereafter with Allah is indeed for you specially (exclusively) and not for others (mankind) then long for death if you are truthful”.
And they will never long for it because of what their hands have sent before them (due to their sins). And Allah is All-Aware of the wrong-doers (unjust).
And verily, you will find them the greediest of mankind for life. Even everyone of those associators (those who ascribe partners to Allah) loves that he should be granted a life of a thousand years, and his being granted a long life will in no way remove him further off from the torment (punishment). And Allah is All-Seeing of all that they do.
Say: “Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel (Jibrael) (let him say then that) indeed he has brought it(this Qur’ân) down to your heart by Allah’s Permission, confirming what came before it (the previous books)”. It (the Qur’ân) is a Guidance and glad tidings for the believers.
Whoever is an enemy to Allah, His Angels, His Messengers and Gabriel (Jibrael) and Michael (Mikael), then verily, Allah is an enemy to the disbelievers.
We have sent down to you clear signs, and non but “Fâsiqûn” (those who are not in the Way of Allah or who have gone out of it) disbelieve in them (deny them).
Is it not so that whenever they make a covenant, a party of them cast it aside, do they not? (Yes, they do it). Nay! Most of them do not believe.
And whenever a Messenger came to them from Allah, confirming what was with them, a party of those who were given the Book (the Scripture) threw away the Book of Allah behind their backs as if they did not know.
They followed what the devils (satans) had (falsely) related about the kingdom of Solomon. Yet Solomon (Sulaimân) did not disbelieve (He did not practice sorcery and he did not become a disbeliever), but the devils (satans) disbelieved teaching men magic, and that which was sent down to Hârût and Mârût, the two angels at Babylon. Yet these two (angels) taught no man (this teaching) until they had said: “Surely we are only a trial (for you), therefore, do not be disbelievers (by learning this magic from us)”. And from these two, people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah’s Leave. And they learn that which harms them and does not profit them. And surely they learnt that he who bought it (the magic and learning concerning it) would have no share in the Hereafter; and evil was the price for which they sold their souls; had they but known this.
And if they had believed (had become âmenû to Allah, had wished to reach Allah before dying) and had become pious [the owners of piety (Takvâ)] a reward (to be granted) from Allah would have been better, if they had but known!
O you who believe! Do not say “Raina: Tend us, look after us”! But say “Unzurna: Deal with us, take care of us, make us understand”. And listen (to the Decree of Allah). And for the disbelievers there is a painful torment.
Neither the disbelievers among the people of the Book nor the associators (idolaters) like that there should be sent down unto you any good from your Lord. But Allah assigns His Mercy to whom He wills. And Allah is the Owner of Great Virtue (Mighty Grace).
Whatever (from) a Verse do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, We bring a better one or similar to it. Do you not know that Allah has power over all things?
Do you not know that it is to Allah that the sovereignty (dominion, kingdom) of the heavens and the earth belongs, and that there is for you apart from Allah no guardian (Wali, protector) or helper?
Or would you then question your Prophet as Moses was once questioned? He who changes belief for disbelief surely strays from the right direction.
Many of the People of the Book wish that they could turn you back into unbelievers after your faith, out of envy from themselves, (even) after the truth has become manifest to them; but pardon and be indulgent until Allah makes known (in this matter) His Will (His Decree). Surely Allah has power over all things.
And keep up (establish, perform) the Prayer and give Zakât (the alms) and whatever good you send before for yourselves, you shall find it with Allah. Certainly, Allah is All-Seeing of what you do.
And they say: “None shall enter the Garden (Paradise) except he who is a Jew or a Christian”. These are their vain desires. Say: “Bring your indisputable argument (evidence) if you are truthful (in your claim)”.
Yes! But whoever submits his physical body to Allah-and he is a good-doer (Muhsin), his reward is now with his Lord and there is no fear for him nor shall he grieve.
The Jews said that the Christians are on nothing (not on the right religion); and the Christians said that the Jews are on nothing (not on the right religion); although both read (recite) the Book. Just like them, those who have no knowledge (in this matter) (choosing the way of imitating) said things similar to what they said; so Allah shall judge between them on the Doomsday in what they have been differing.
And who is more unjust than he who prevents (men) from the mosques (masjids) of Allah, that His Name should be remembered in them, and strives to ruin (destroy) them? (As for these) it was not proper for them that they should have entered them except in fear, for them there is a disgrace in this world, and for them there is a great torment (the greatest of the torment) in the Hereafter.
And Allah’s is the East and the West, therefore wherever you turn, Allah Himself is there. Most certainly Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
And they say: “Allah has taken (to Himself) a son”. Glory be to Him; rather, whatever is in the heavens and the earth is His; all are obedient to Him.
Wonderful Originator of the heavens and the earth, and when He decrees a thing, He merely “s to it: “Be”! And it is.
And those who have no knowledge (of the Reality) say: “Why does Allah not speak to us or a sign come to us”? Even thus said those before them, the like of what they say; their hearts are all alike. We have indeed made plain the Signs for a people who believe with certainty.
Verily, We have sent you with the truth as a bearer of glad tidings and a warner. And you shall not be questioned about the people of the Flame (you are not responsible for those who will go to Hell).
And the Jews will not be pleased with you, nor the Christians until you follow (depend on) their religion. Say: “Verily, reaching Allah (while alive) [Allah to deliver to Himself], that is the (true) Guidance”. And if you follow (depend on) their (vain) desires after the knowledge that has come to you, for you there shall be from Allah no protecting friend (Wali) nor any helper.
Those to whom We gave the Book (the Prophets and the Messengers) read (and explain) it as it ought to be read (explained). They are the ones who believe in it. And whoso disbelieve in it (by denying it), those are they who are the losers.
O Children of Israel! Remember My Blessing which I bestowed upon you and that I made you superior upon the Worlds (Âlamîn, mankind and jinn).
And guard yourselves against a Day when no soul will avail another, nor shall compensation be accepted from him, nor shall intercession be of use to him, nor shall they be helped.
And (remember) when his Lord tried Abraham with certain words, he fulfilled them. He said: “Verily, I am going to make you an Imâm (a Leader) for mankind”. (Abraham) said: “And of my offspring”? (Allah) said: “My covenant (My Mercy of religious leadership) does not extend to the wrongdoers (of your offspring)”.
And (remember) We made the House (the Holy Ka’ba at Makka) a place of resort (where one may gain rewards) and a place of safety. Appoint for yourselves a place of prayer on the standing-place (Maqâm) of Abraham (Ibrahîm). And We enjoined Abraham and Ishmael (Ismail) that they should purify My House for those who circumambulate (it) and stay (and contemplate in it) and bow and prostrate themselves (there, in prayer).
And (remember) when Abraham said: “My Lord, make this city a place of security and provide its people with fruits, as they believe in Allah and the Last Day”, He said: “As for him who disbelieves, I will grant him enjoyment for a short while, then I will compel him to the torment of the Fire; and it is an evil destination”.
And (remember) when Abraham and (his son) Ishmael were raising the foundations of the House (saying): “Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us, Verily, You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing”.
Our Lord! Make us both submitted ones to You and of our offspring a community (nation) which will be submitted to You and show us the places (and rules) of worship (of pilgrimage) and accept our repentance. You are indeed the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful [You are the One who accepts repentance, and sends the (light of) mercy].
Our Lord! And raise up in them a Messenger of their own who shall read (and explain) Your Verses (Signs) and teach them the Book and the Wisdom, and purify them (their souls’ hearts). Verily, You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.
And who would turn away (renounce) from the Religion (faith) of Abraham except him who befools his own soul? Truly, We chose him in the world, and surely he will be one of the righteous ones (Sâlihîn) in the Hereafter as well. (131) When his Lord said to him: “Submit”! He said: “I have submitted myself to the Lord of the Worlds”.
When his Lord said to him: “Submit”! He said: “I have submitted myself to the Lord of the Worlds”.
And Abraham enjoined the same upon his sons, and so did Jacob (Ya’qûb): O my children, Allah has chosen for you this Religion, then do not die unless you are submitted (Muslimûn= those who have accomplished their four submissions, i.e. the submission of the spirit, the physical body, the soul and the free will to Allah).
Or were you witnesses when death came to Jacob? He said to his sons: “What will you serve after me”? They said: “We will serve your God and the God of your fathers, Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac (Ishâq), one God only, and to Him we are submitted”.
That was a nation (a community) that has passed away. They shall have what they earned and you shall have what you earn, and you shall not be questioned about their actions (you are not responsible for what they have done).
They say: “Be Jews or Christians to be guided (so that you may attain Guidance)”. Say: “Nay, the Religion of Abraham is “Hanîf” (rightly guided, being submitted to one God only) (because) he was not of the associators (polytheists)”.
Say: “We believe in Allah and that which has been sent down to Abraham, Ishmael and Isaac and the tribes (Al-Asbât= the offspring of the twelve sons of Jacob), and that which has been given to Moses and Jesus, and that which has been given to the (other) prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them and to Him we are submitted”.
If then they believe as you believe in Him, they will surely attain guidance, and if they turn away, then they are only in dissension (away from Allah’s path). Allah will suffice you against them; and He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.
(Color yourself with) Allah’s Color; and who is better than he who has colored himself with Allah’s Color? And (so) We are His worshippers (servants).
Say: “Do you dispute with us about Allah and He is our Lord and your Lord, and for us are our deeds and for you your deeds, and We are the pure ones for Him (Muhlisûn= those who have purified and refined their souls’ hearts)”.
Or do you say that Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Tribes were Jews or Christians? Do you know better, or does Allah? Who is more unjust than he who hides (conceals) what is given from Allah and witnessing Him? And Allah is not Unaware (Heedless) of what you do.
This is a nation (community) that have passed away. For it is what it earned and for you is what you earn and you will not be asked of what they used to do.
The fools among the people will say: “What has turned them from their Qiblah [prayer direction (towards Jerusalem)] on which they were”? Say: “The East and the West belong only to Allah. He guides whom He wills to the Path (that leads to Allah)”.
Thus We have made you a medium (just, balanced, good, superior, virtuous) nation, that you be witnesses over mankind and the Messenger be a witness over you. And We made the Qiblah (prayer direction towards Kabe) on which you were, only to (distinguish and) know those who depended on (followed) the Messenger from those who would turn on their heels. And it is surely hard except for those whom Allah caused to attain guidance (have Hidayet) (it is not hard for them); and Allah is not going to waste your faith. Truly Allah is Affectionate, the Most Merciful towards mankind.
Verily, We have seen the turning of your face towards the heaven (waiting for the Divine Decree). Surely, We shall turn you to a Qiblah (prayer direction) that shall please you; so turn your face in the direction of the Inviolable Sanctuary (Al-Masjid Al-Harâm in Makka), and wherever you may be, turn your faces towards it. Those to whom the Book was given know this to be the truth from their Lord. And Allah is not Unaware of what they do.
And even if you were to bring to those who have been given the Book every sign, they would not follow your Qiblah (prayer direction), nor would you follow their Qiblah; nor will they follow each other’s Qiblah. If, after all the knowledge you have been given, you follow their desires, then you would surely become amongst the wrong-doers (unjust, evil-doers).
Those to whom We gave the Book recognise him (Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him) as they recognise their own sons, and a party of them most surely conceal the truth while they know (it).
The truth is from your Lord, therefore you should not be of the doubters.
And for every one (for all the nations, communities) there is a direction toward which he turns; so vie with one another in good works. Wherever you may be, Allah will bring you together. Truly, Allah is Powerful over all things.
So from wheresoever you depart, turn your face towards the Al-Masjid-Al-Harâm, that is indeed the truth from your Lord. And Allah is not Unaware of what you do.
And from wheresoever you start forth, turn your face towards Al-Masjid-Al-Harâm; and wherever you are, turn your faces towards it, so that men may have no argument against you except those of them that are tyrants, so do not fear them and fear Me (fear that My Love upon you will be decreased), that I may complete My Blessings on you and that (so) you may attain Guidance.
Thus We have sent among you a Messenger (a Prophet) from among you so that he may read (and explain) to you Our Verses and purify you (your souls’ hearts) and teaches you the Book and Wisdom and teaches you that which you did not know (beyond Wisdom).
Therefore remember Me so that I may remember you, and be thankful to Me, and do not deny Me.
O you who believe (who are âmenû, who wish to reach Allah before death) seek assistance (from Allah) through patience and (Necessity) Prayer; surely Allah is with the patient (As-Sâbirûn, the owners of Patience).
And do not say of those who are killed in the Way of Allah: They are dead! Nay, they are alive, but you do not perceive (their existence).
And We will most certainly try (test) you with fear and hunger and loss of property and lives and fruits. And give glad tidings to the patient.
Who, when a misfortune befalls them, say: “Surely we are for Allah (We are created to render our spirits and surrender ourselves to Allah) and to Him we shall surely return (and we shall surely reach Him before death)”.
Those (who are certain of returning back to Allah in the life of this world) are they on whom are benedictions from their Lord and mercy and it is they who are the guided ones (in Hidayet).
Verily, As-Safâ and Al-Marwa are of the Symbols (sacred indications) of Allah (that shows the places of worship). So it is not a sin on him who performs Hajj or ‘Umrah (pilgrimage and visit) of the House (Kabe) to perform the going round (Tawâf) between them both. And whoever does good of his own volition (does extra Tawaf) truly Allah is Grateful (Responsive to gratitude), All-Knowing.
Surely those who conceal the clear proofs (evidences) and the Guidance (the spirit’s reaching Allah before death), which We have sent down, after We have made them clear in the Book for them, they are the ones whom Allah will curse and those who curse shall curse them (too).
Except those who repent and amend [purify and refine their souls’ hearts] and manifest (the truth) (these are not cursed). These, I will accept their repentance. And I am the Oft-Relenting, the Most Merciful.
As for those who disbelieve (hinder and hide the spirit’s returning Allah before death, that is, the Guidance-Hidayet) and die while they are disbelievers, upon them is the Curse of Allah and the Angels and men altogether.
They will abide in it (under the curse) forever, their torment will neither be lightened nor will they be looked at.
And your God is one God! There is no god but He. He is the most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
Most surely in the creation of the heavens and the earth and in the alternation of the night and the day and the ships which sail through the sea with that profits men, and the water (rain) which Allah sends down from the sky, then gives life with it to the earth after its death and scatters in it all kinds of moving creatures and in the veering of the winds and the clouds made subservient between the sky and the earth, there are Signs for a people who are mindful.
And of the men there are some who set up equals (idols, partners) with Allah. They love them (what they take for partners, associates) as they love Allah. (Yet) those who are âmenû (who believe) are stronger in love for Allah. If only those who tyrannize could have seen that during the torment, the Power is wholly Allah’s and that Allah is Severe in torment (punishment).
Then those who were followed (depended on) disowned those who followed (depended on) them and they saw the torment. Then all their relations (ties) are cut asunder.
And those who followed (depended on) others besides Allah said: “If only there had been for us a return (to the worldly life), we would disown them as they have disowned us”. Thus Allah will show them that their deeds are lost. And they will never get out of the Fire either.
O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and clean on earth, and do not follow the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan) Verily, he is to you an open enemy.
He commands you only what is evil and indecent (Fahsha), and that you should say against (about) Allah what you do not know.
And when it is said to them: “Follow what Allah has sent down”, they said: “Nay! We follow what (the way) we found our fathers upon”. Even if their fathers were not mindful nor did they attain Guidance (Hidayet)?
And the parable of those who disbelieve is as the parable of one who calls out to that which hears no more then a call and a cry; (they are) deaf, dumb and blind. So they can not be mindful (understand).
O you who believe (who are âmenû)! Eat of the lawful and clean things that We have provided you with, and be grateful to Allah, if it is indeed He Whom you serve (to Whom you became servants).
He has only forbidden you what dies of itself (carrion) and blood and the flesh of swine, and that which is slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allah. But if one is forced by necessity without willful disobedience nor transgressing due limits, then there is no sin on them. Truly, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Verily, those who conceal certain things from what Allah has sent down of the Book, and purchase a small gain with it, they eat into their bellies nothing but fire. Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He purify (exonerate) them. And for them there will be a painful torment.
Those are they who purchase Misguidance (Dalâlet) at the price of Guidance, and torment at the price of Forgiveness. Then what is it that makes them so patient against the Fire!
This (torment) is because Allah has sent down the Book with the truth. And those who seek differences in the Book are in open schism.
It is not All-Birr (that reflects the true belief, acts that make men worthy of Paradise) that you turn your faces towards the East and the West, but All-Birr is (the quality of) the one who believes in Allah and the Last Day (the later day that one reaches Allah, the day of Guidance, spirit’s returning back to Allah) and the angels and the Book and the Prophets; and gives from his wealth that he loves to the kinsfolk, to the orphans, and to the needy (old folks who are incapable of working) and to the stranded, and to those who ask and to set slaves (captives) free, keeps up the Prayer, and gives the Zakât (the alms) and who fulfill their covenant when they make it (with Allah and men), and who are patient in extreme poverty and ailment and at the time of fighting (during the battles). Those are they who are truthful (veracious) and those are they who are the pious [the owners of piety (takvâ)].
O you who believe (who are âmenû)! The Law of Retaliation (of Equality in punishment, Al-Qisâs) is prescribed for you in the matter of the murdered: the free for the free and the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. But if any remission is made to anyone by his (aggrieved) brother, then prosecution (for the blood wit) should be made according to custom, and payment should be made to him in fairness; this is an alleviation from your Lord and a mercy; so whoever exceeds the limit after this, then for him there is a painful torment.
And for you there is life in retaliation, O Ulû’l elbâb! (Those who have attained to the continuous remembrance of the Name of Allah and thus know the innermost secret treasures of Allah!), that you may become the pious (Al-Muttaqûn, the owners of takwâ).
Bequest is prescribed for you when death approaches one of you and leaving behind wealth for parents and near relatives, according to Ma’rûf (custom) is a duty (to be fulfilled, a right) upon those who are pious (the owners of piety, “takwâ”).
Whoever then alters it (the bequest) after he has heard it, the sin of it then is only upon those who alter it; surely, Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.
But he who fears a testator to be unjust or commit sin, and upon this he makes peace between the parties, there shall be no sin on him. Certainly Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
O you who believe (who are âmenû)! Fasting is prescribed for you, as it was prescribed for those before you, so that you may become the pious.
For a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill or on a journey, then (he shall fast) a (like) number of other days; and those who are not able to do it (fasting, because of old age or an illness that is not recoverable) may effect a redemption by feeding a poor (night and day); so whosoever does good (increases his fasting or his redemption) it is better for him. And fasting is better for you if you only knew.
The month of Ramadan in which the Qur’ân was sent down as a Guidance (a means of reaching Allah, Hidayet) to men and clear proofs of the Guidance and the Discernment (Criterion between right and wrong) by Huda (Allah). Therefore whoever of you (sights) is present in the month must fast in it, and whoever is sick or upon a journey, then (must fast) a (like) number of other days. Allah desires for you ease; and He does not desire for you difficulty, and He (desires) that you should complete the number and that you should magnify Allah for His having guided you and that you may be grateful (for all the ease).
And when My servants ask you about Me, then surely I am very near (to them). I answer the call of the prayer when he calls upon (invites) Me. They should also answer My Call (invitation) and believe in (become âmenû-wish to reach) Me so that they may attain “Irshad” (Immaterial Maturity).
It is made lawful for you to go unto your wives (in sexual relations) on the night of the fast. They are a garment for you and you are a garment for them. Allah knows that you acted unfaithfully to (betrayed) your souls, so He accepted your repentance and pardoned you. Therefore you may now approach them intimately and seek what Allah has ordained for you. Eat and drink until the white thread becomes distinct from the black thread of the dawn, then complete the fast till nightfall. And do not approach them if you are in I’tikâf (confining oneself in a mosque for prayers and invocations leaving the worldly activities) in the mosques. These are the limits of Allah, so do not go near them (the limits). Thus does Allah make clear His Verses (Signs) for men that they may become the pious.
Do not eat up one another’s property among yourselves by false means (unjustly) nor give bribery to the judges so that you may knowingly eat up a part of the property of others sinfully.
They ask you about the crescent moons. Say: “These are signs to mark fixed periods of time and the pilgrimage for mankind”. And it is not Al-Birr (righteous deed that makes one worthy of Paradise) that you enter the houses from their backs (as they used to during the period of Ignorance) but Al-Birr is what makes one pious (the owner of piety, “takvâ”) So enter the houses through their proper doors, and become pious.
And fight (kill) in the Way of Allah with those who fight with you (kill you) and do not exceed the limits, surely Allah does not love those who exceed the limits (the transgressors).
Kill them (those who started the fight against you) wherever you find (catch) them and drive them out from where they drove you out (Makka), and Al-Fitnah (mischief) is worse (severer) than killing, and do not fight with them near Masjid-i Haram (the Sacred Mosque) unless they start fight with you, but if they do fight (kill) you (there), then fight back (kill). Such is the punishment of the disbelievers.
But if they desist (fighting, disbelieving), then Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
And fight them until there is no more Fitnah (mischief) and the Religion is only for Allah, but if they desist, then there should be no hostility except against the tyrants.
The forbidden month is for the forbidden month and all forbidden things are in reciprocity. Then whoever attacks you, you attack likewise the same amount. And become pious and know that Allah is surely with the pious (the owners of takwâ).
And give (your property) in the Way of Allah (to others) and do not throw yourselves into danger and become the best of the best, surely Allah loves the good-doers (“Muhsinûn” those who have submitted their physical bodies to Allah).
And complete (perform) the pilgrimage (the Hajj) and the visit (Umrah) for Allah. But if you are prevented (because of an inevitable hindrance), (send) whatever offering (sacrifice) is easy to obtain and do not shave your heads until the offering reaches to its destination; but whoever of you is sick or has an ailment of the head (and for this reason he is obliged to shave his head before the offering arrives at the place of sacrifice), he must pay a ransom either by fasting or by almsgiving, or by offering a sacrifice. And if you are in safety, then whosoever combines the visit (Umrah) with the pilgrimage (the Hajj) must offer such offering(s) as he can afford; but he who cannot find (any offering) should fast for three days during the pilgrimage and for seven days when he returns (to his home), making ten days in all. This is for those whose family is not present (dwell) at Masjid-i Haram. And become pious (for Allah). And know that Allah is Severe in punishment.
The pilgrimage is in the well-known months; so whoever determines the performance of the pilgrimage in them (by putting on the pilgrimage dress), there shall be no intimate approach to a spouse nor veering to sin nor quarreling amongst one another in the pilgrimage; and whatever good you do, Allah knows it; so make provision (for yourselves) (with righteous deeds) for surely the best of the provision is (to be the owner of) piety. Therefore be pious towards Me, o Ulu’l elbâb (the owners of the secret divine treasures of Allah because of their continuous remembrance of the Name of Allah)!
It is no sin on you to seek the Virtue from your Lord, so when you come from “Arafat” in groups, remember the Name of Allah at Al Mash’ar Al-Harâm (the Sacred Monument). Though before that (Guidance-Hidayet)you were certainly of those who were in Misguidance.
Then hasten on from where the multitude hasten onward, and ask Allah for His Forgiveness. Truly, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
So when you have performed your sacred rites (concerning the pilgrimage) remember (repeat the Name of) Allah as you remember your forefathers or with a far more remembrance. But of the men, whoever says: “Our Lord! Give us in the world, for him there is no share in the Hereafter”.
And of them, whoever says: “Our Lord! Give us what is good (and beautiful) in the world and what is good (and beautiful) in the Hereafter and protect us from the torment of the Fire”.
For them there will be a share out of what (the degrees) they have earned. And Allah is Swift at reckoning.
And remember (repeat the Name of) Allah (by saying: “Allah is the Greatest”) during the numbered days; then whosoever hastens off in two days (to return from Mina), there is no sin on him, and whoever remains behind, there is no sin on him, (this is) for those who has takwâ (piety) and have takwâ (piety) towards Allah and know that you shall be gathered unto Him.
And of the men there are some whose speech may please you in this worldly life, and he calls on Allah to witness as to that which is in his heart, yet he is the most fierce of adversaries.
And when he turns back (and leaves), he strives on earth to make mischief and to destroy the crops and the progeny and Allah does not love mischief.
And when it is said to him: “Have Takwâ (Piety) towards Allah, pride (of the soul) takes him with sin (carries it off to sin by hindering him) therefore Hell is sufficient for him, and certainly it is an evil resting-place”.
And of the men is he who sells his soul to seek the Pleasure of Allah. And Allah is the most Affectionate (full of Kindness) to His servants.
O you who believe (became âmenû)! Enter into Submission (Islam) one and all and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Verily! He is to you a clear enemy.
Then if you slide back after the clear signs have come to you, then know that Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.
Do they then wait for Allah and the angels to come to them in the shadows of the clouds and (so) the order is finished off (completed)? And all orders are returned to Allah.
Ask the Children of Israel how many clear Signs (proofs, miracles) We gave them. And whoever changes (alters) Allah’s Blessing after it has come to him, then surely Allah is Severe in punishment.
Beautified is the life of this world for those who disbelieve, and they mock at some of those who believe (due to their poverty). But those who have takwâ (piety) will be above them on the Day of Resurrection. And Allah gives means of subsistence to whom He wills without measure.
Mankind were once one nation (community). And Allah sent (brought to life) the Prophets as bearers of glad tidings and as warners. And with them He sent down the Book with truth to judge between the men in matters wherein they differed. And only those to whom (the Book) was given differed about it after the clear signs had come to them, revolting among themselves (through hatred, one to another). Then Allah by His Leave guided (delivered to Hidayet) those who believed (became âmenû) to the truth (Hidayet) of that wherein they differed to explain onto others. And Allah guides whom He wills to the Path (directed towards Allah).
Or did you think that you would enter Paradise unless the state of those who have passed away before you has not come upon you? Distress and affliction befell them and they were shaken violently, so that the Messenger and those who believed (became âmenû) with him almost said: “When (will come) the Help of Allah”? Certainly, the Help of Allah is near, is it not?
They ask you what they should spend (in the Way of Allah)? Say: “Whatever you spend of good (in the Way of Allah) must be for the parents and the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the stranded, and whatever you do of good, truly, Allah knows it well”.
War is enjoined on you, even though it be disliked by you; and it may be that you dislike a thing and it is actually good for you and it may be that you love a thing and it is actually bad for you. And Allah knows while you do not know.
They ask you concerning fighting in the Forbidden Month. Say: “Fighting in it is great (sin), but hindering (mankind) from Allah’s Way and denying Him, and (forbidding) Mesjid-i Haram and turning its people out of it (Mekke), are even greater (sin) with Allah; and mischief is even greater(sin) than killing”. And they will not cease fighting with you until they turn you back from your religion, if they can; and whosoever of you turns back from his religion, then he dies as an unbeliever, and all his works shall go wasted in this world and the Hereafter, and they are the inmates of the Fire. They shall abide in it forever.
Verily, those who believe (became âmenû) and emigrate and strive hard in the Way of Allah, these hope for the Mercy of Allah and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
They ask you about wine and gambling. Say: “In both of them there is a great sin and (some) means of benefit for the mankind, but the sin of them is greater than their benefit”. And they ask you what they ought to spend (for the sake of Allah)? Say: “That which is beyond your needs”. Thus Allah explains to you the Verses, so that you may ponder (over the wisdom contained in them).
They ask you about the world and the Hereafter and the orphans, Say: “Improving them is good, and if you are mixed with them (if you are living with them) they are then your siblings”. And Allah knows (separates) the mischief-maker from the improver. And if Allah had wished, He could have put you into difficulties. Truly, Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.
Do not marry the (Mushrik) women who assign partners to Allah until they believe (became âmenû) and certainly a believing concubine is better than a (free) woman who assigns partners to Allah, even if you like her. Do not marry (your women) with men who assign partners to Allah until they believe (became âmenû). A believing slave is better than a (free) man who assigns partners to Allah, even if you like him. It is them who invite (you) to fire. Yet Allah is inviting you to Heaven and Forgiveness with His Will and explaining His Verses to mankind. It is hoped that they will be mindful through this.
And they ask you about menstruation. Say: “It is a pain; therefore keep aloof from the women during menses and do not go near them until they have become clean; then when they have cleansed themselves, go to them the way Allah has commanded you”. Surely Allah loves those who repent and He loves those who keep themselves clean.
Your wives are a plantation for you, so go into your plantation as you will and advance for yourselves (good deeds that will increase your degrees), and have piety (takwâ), and know that you shall meet Him. Give glad tidings to the believers.
Do not make Allah an obstacle, because of your oaths, to your (that keep you from) being the owners of All-Birr, to your having piety (takwâ) and to your making peace between men, and Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.
Allah does not call you to account for what is vain in your oaths, but He calls you to account for what your hearts have gained (for the negative degrees, vile and sins) and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Gentle.
Those who swear that they will not go in to their wives should wait four months; so if they go back (to their wives by giving expiation before the term comes to an end), then Allah is surely Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful.
And if they (who take such oaths) decide upon divorce, then Allah is surely All-Hearing, All-Knowing.
And the divorced women should keep themselves in waiting for three menstrual courses (they should examine whether they got pregnant); and it is not lawful for them that they should conceal what Allah has created in their wombs, if they believe in Allah and the Last Day; and their husbands have a better right to take them back in the meanwhile if they wish for reconciliation. And they (women) have rights similar to those of (men) in kindness (in a just manner, according to what is reasonable=Ma’rûf) but the men (their rights) are a degree above them, and Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.
The divorce is twice, after that, either you retain her on reasonable terms (Ma’rûf) or release her with kindness (Ihsân). And it is not lawful for you to take from them anything you have given them, except when both fear that they can not keep up the limits of Allah, there is no sin on either of them for what she gives up to become free thereby. These are the limits of Allah, so do not exceed them, and whoever exceeds the limits of Allah, these it is that are the wrong-doers (unjust).
And if he divorces her (for the third time after he has divorced her for the second time), then she is not lawful unto him thereafter until she has married another husband (and then she became free from that marriage too). Then, if the other husband divorces her, it is no sin (blame) on both of them if they return to each other (by marriage), provided they feel that they can keep up the limits of Allah, and these are the limits of Allah, which He makes plain for a people who know.
When you have divorced the wives and they have reached the end of their waiting periods, then either retain them according to custom and usage (on reasonable basis, with Ma’rûf) or set them free on reasonable basis. But do not take them back to cause their loss so that you exceed the limits (infringe upon her rights), and whoever does this, he indeed is unjust to his own soul. And do not take Allah’s Verses (Signs) for a mockery and remember the Blessing of Allah upon you and that which He has sent down to you of the Book and the Wisdom, admonishing you thereby; and have piety (Takwâ) towards Allah and know that Allah is the Knower of all things.
When you have divorced the wives, and they have reached the end of their waiting periods, then do not prevent them from remarrying their (former) husbands if they agree among themselves in a lawful manner (bi’l ma’rûf, according to custom and usage, on a reasonable basis); with this is admonished he among you who believes in Allah and the Last Day, this is for you to become more purified and more refined, and Allah knows and you do not know.
And the mothers (married or divorced) should suckle their (born) children for two whole years, (that is) for those who desire to complete the term of suckling, and their nutrition and clothing must be upon the father according to custom and usage (on a reasonable basis, bi’l ma’rûf); no soul shall have a burden laid on him greater than he can bear. A mother should not be made to suffer harm because of her child, nor should the one for him the child was borne (the father) because of his child. And a similar devolves on the heir. But if both desire weaning by mutual consent and counsel, there is no sin on them, and if you wish to engage a wet-nurse for your children, there is no sin on you so long as you pay what you promised for according to custom and usage (on a reasonable basis); and have piety (takwâ) towards Allah and know that Allah is All-Seeing of what you do.
The wives of those who are made to die and leave them behind, should keep themselves in waiting for four months and ten days; then when they have fully attained their term, there is no sin on you for what they do for themselves in a lawful manner (on a reasonable basis, bi’l ma’rûf) and Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do.
And there is no sin on you if you make a hint of betrothal (to the women who are in the waiting-period) or conceal such a desire in yourself. Allah knows that you will remember them, but do not give them a promise in secret except (a hint of betrothal) that you speak in a lawful manner (according to usage, on a reasonable basis). Do not resolve on the tie of marriage before the end of their waiting-period. And know that Allah knows what is in you, therefore beware of Him. And know that Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Gentle.
There is no sin on you if you divorce the women while yet you have not touched them, nor appointed unto them their “Mahr” (bridal-money). Provide for them with fairness (according to custom and usage) the wealthy according to his means and the straitened according to his means: This is a binding duty upon the Muhsinûn.
If you divorce them before you have touched them and you have appointed for them the Mahr (bridal-money) then paying half of what you have appointed is upon you, unless they (the women) relinquish (it) or (the whole amount) is remitted by him in whose hand is the marriage tie (the bridegroom). And to forgo and give (the other half as well) is nearer to Takwâ (having piety). And do not forget the Merit between you. Truly, Allah is All-Seeing of what you do.
Guard Salâvâts (the light of benedictions coming from Allah, prayers) and the Requirement Prayer (continue it in uninterrupted manner). And stand up truly obedient to Allah (in reverence mixed with deep respect for a long time).
And if you fear (vital danger) then (perform your prayers) while on foot or riding. And when you are in safety, then remember Allah in the manner He has taught you what you did not know (how you will remember Allah).
And those of you who are made to die and leave behind wives should bequeath for their wives a year’s maintenance and residence without turning them out, but if they (wives) leave, there is no sin on you for that which they do of themselves, provided it is on a reasonable basis. And Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.
And for the divorced women, maintenance (should be provided) in fairness (on a reasonable basis). This is a duty on the pious (owners of takwâ).
Allah thus makes clear to you His Verses in order that you may be mindful.
Have you not seen those who went forth from their homes, for fear of death and they were thousands. Yet Allah said to them: “Die” (and they died); again He gave them life. Truly, Allah is full of Grace to mankind but most of them are not grateful.
And fight in the Way of Allah, and know that Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.
Who will lend to Allah a generous loan so that He may multiply it to him many times over. And Allah straitens and enlarges (the man’s sustenance according to the Divine Law) and to Him you shall be returned.
Have you not seen the notables of the Children of Israel after Moses, when they said to a Prophet of theirs: “Raise up (appoint) for us a king, that we may fight in the Way of Allah”. He (prophet) said: “May it not be that you would not fight if fighting is ordained for you”? (Notables): “Why should we not fight in Allah’s Way while we have been compelled to abandon our homes and our children”? But when fighting was ordained for them, they turned back, except a few of them, and Allah knows the wrong-doers (tyrants).
And their Prophet said to them: “Surely Allah has raised Tâlût (Saul) to be a king over you”. They said: “How can he hold kingship over us while we are fitter than him for the kingdom, and he has not been given enough wealth”. (The prophet): “Verily, Allah has chosen him above you and He has increased him abundantly in knowledge and physique (strength) and Allah grants His kingdom to whom He wills”. And Allah is All-Embracing (His knowledge and Mercy includes everything), All-Knowing.
And their Prophet said to them: “Surely the sign of his kingdom is, that there shall come to you the (wooden) chest in which there is tranquility (Sakînah) from your Lord and a remnant of that which the house (family) of Moses and the house of Aaron left behind, carried by the angels”. Verily, in this is a sign for you if you are indeed believers.
Then when Saul set out with the army, he said: “Surely Allah will try you with a river; whoever then drinks from it, he is not of me, and whoever does not taste of it, he is surely of me, except he who takes (of it) in the hollow of his hand”. Yet, they drank of it, all, except a few of them. So when he crossed it together with those who believed with him, they said: “We have today no power against Jâlût (Goliath) and his army”. Those who were sure that they would meet their Lord said: “How often has a small party vanquished a bigger party by Allah’s Leave”. And Allah is with the patient.
And when they went out against Goliath and his army they said: “Our Lord! Pour down upon us patience, and make our steps firm and assist us against the disbelieving people”.
So they routed them by Allah’s Leave and David (Dâvûd) killed Goliath and Allah gave him (David) the kingdom (after the death of Saul) and the Wisdom, and taught him of that which He willed. And were it not for Allah’s repelling some men with others, the earth would indeed be full of mischief but Allah is full of Virtues upon the worlds.
These are the Verses of Allah: We read (and explain) to you with truth and most surely you are (one) of the Messengers.
Of those Messengers We have exalted some above others in virtue; to some of them Allah spoke; and some of them He exalted by degrees; and We gave clear evidences to Jesus, the son of Mary, and strengthened (supported him) with the Holy Spirit. And if Allah had willed, those after them would not have killed one another after the clear signs had come to them, but they differed; so there were some of them who believed and others who denied; and if Allah had willed they would not have killed each another, but Allah does what He wills.
O you who believe (are âmenû)! Spend (for Allah) of that with which We have provided for you before a Day (Doomsday) comes in which there is no bargaining, neither friendship nor intercession and the unbelievers-they are the tyrants.
Allah! there is no god but Him, the Ever-living, the Self-subsisting by Whom all subsist (Kayyûm); slumber does not overtake Him nor sleep; whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth is His; who is he that can intercede with Him but by His Permission? He knows what is before them and what is behind them (their past and future), and they cannot comprehend anything out of His knowledge except what He wills. His “Kursî” (pulpit) extends over the heavens and the earth, and the preservation of them both (balance of the heavens and the earth) does not tire Him, and He is the Most High, the Most Tremendous.
There is no compulsion in the Religion; truly (the Way of) Irshad (the Way of Guidance, the way that delivers to Allah) has become clearly distinct from (the Way of) “gayy” (the Way to Misguidance, the Way that leads to Satan, and Hell); therefore, whoever denies “Tâgût” (Satan and the Way leading to Satan) and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the firmest handhold (hand of religious guide), which shall not break off, and Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.
Allah is the “Walî” (Protecting Friend) of those who believe (who are âmenû, those who wish to reach Allah before death). He brings them (their souls’ hearts) out of the darkness into the light; and (as to) those who disbelieve, their friends are the Tâgût (Satans) (they take satans as their friends, Satan does not become a friend to anyone). They take them out of the light into the darkness; they are the inmates of the Fire, in it they shall abide forever.
Have you not seen him who disputed (in anger) with Abraham about his Lord, because Allah had given him the kingdom? When Abraham said (to him): “My Lord is He who gives life and causes to die”, (he said): “I give life and cause death (too)”. Abraham said: “So surely Allah causes the sun to rise from the east, then make it rise from the west”; thus he who disbelieved (in Allah) was confounded (He could not answer him). And Allah does not make the unjust people attain Guidance (Hidayet).
Or the like of him who passed by a town and it had fallen down upon its roofs; he said: “How can Allah give life to this town, now that it is dead”? And Allah caused him to die, and after a hundred years, brought him back to life. He (Allah) said (to him): “How long have you stayed (dead)”? He said: “(Perhaps) I stayed a day or part of a day”. He said: “Nay, you have remained for a hundred years; then look at your food and drink: they have not rotted; and look at your Donkey! And thus We have made of you a (vivid) sign for the people, and look at the bones, how We bring them together and clothe them with flesh”? So (when the Donkey was brought to life and) everything becomes clear to him, he said: “I know (now) that Allah is Powerful over all things”.
And when Abraham said: “My Lord! Show me how You give life to the dead”. (Allah) said: “Do you not believe”? He (Abraham) said: “Yes (I believe), but for my heart to be at rest”. (He said): “Then take four of the birds, then cause them to incline towards you (then cut them into pieces) and then place on every hill a part of them, then call them, they will rush to you; and know that Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise”.
The parable of those who spend their wealth in Allah’s Way is as the parable of a grain; it grows seven ears, and in each ear there are a hundred grains. Allah gives manifold increase to whom He wills. And Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
Those spend their wealth in the Way of Allah, and do not follow up their gifts with reminders of their generosity or injury, their reward is with their Lord. There is no fear on them and they shall not grieve.
Kind speech and forgiveness is better than charity followed by injury, and Allah is Self-Sufficient, and He is Most-Gentle.
O you who believe (who are âmenû)! Do not render vain your charity (sadaqah) by reminders of your generosity or by injury, like him who spends his property to be seen of men and does not believe in Allah and the Last Day. His likeness is the likeness of a smooth rock on which is a little dust, then a heavy rain falls upon it, so it leaves it bare. They are not able to do anything with what they have earned. And Allah does not guide the disbelieving people.
And the likeness of those who spend their property seeking Allah’s Pleasure and fixing (this) in their souls (by persevering) is as the likeness of a garden on a height; heavy rain falls on it, so it brings forth its fruit twofold; and if no heavy rain falls upon it, then light rain (is sufficient). And Allah is All-Seeing of what you do.
Would any one of you like to have a garden of palm-trees and vines, with rivers flowing beneath it, with all kinds of fruit for him therein, and old age had stricken him and he has weak offspring (to support) and a whirlwind with fire strikes it and it is (all) consumed by fire? Thus Allah makes plain the Verses to you, so that you may perhaps reflect.
O you who become âmenû (believe)! spend of the good things which you have earned or what We have brought forth for you out of the earth, and do not aim at what is bad that you may spend (in alms) of it, while you would not take it yourselves unless you close your eyes and know that Allah is Rich and Praiseworthy.
Satan threatens you with poverty and orders you to commit Fahshâ (indecency, immorality) whereas Allah promises you Forgiveness from Himself and abundance of Virtue and Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
He grants Wisdom to whom He pleases, and he to whom Wisdom (Hikmah) is granted is indeed given a great good and none comprehends except “Ûlu’l elbâb” [the owners of the innermost secret treasures of Allah because of their continuous dhikr).
And whatever you spend out of spending or whatever vow you make of vow, surely Allah knows it (all), and for the wrong-doers there are no helpers.
If you give charity openly, it is good, and if you hide (it) and give it to the poor, it is better for you; and this will cover some of your evil deeds. And Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do.
It is not for you their Guidance. But Allah causes him whom He wills to attain Guidance and whatever you spend in good, it is for your souls and you (believers) do not spend but to seek Allah Himself and whatever you spend in good will be paid back to you in full and you shall not be wronged.
(Your spending and charity are) for the poor who are devoted themselves to the Way of Allah and cannot move about in the earth (gain their livelihood by making trade). The one who does not know them (their state) thinks that they are rich because of their chastity; you can recognize them by their mark; they do not beg from others importunately; and whatever you spend in good, surely Allah knows it well.
Those who spend their property by night and by day, secretly and openly, now for them is their reward with Allah, and there is no fear on them, nor shall they grieve.
Those who eat the Ribâ (Usury) will not rise from their graves except as one rises who is being beaten by Satan into insanity. That is because they say: “Trading is only like usury; however Allah has made trading lawful and forbidden usury”. To whomsoever then the admonition has come from his Lord, then he desists (from usury), so what has already passed (usury he had taken before) is for him and his affair belongs to Allah; and whoever returns (to usury), these are the inmates of the Fire; they shall abide in it forever.
Allah reduces for usury and increases for charity. And Allah does not love the disbelieving sinners.
Surely they who believe (are âmenû) and do improving deeds (cleansing of the soul) and keep up the prayer(s) and give the Zakât (alms), they will have their reward with their Lord. On them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
O you who believe (are âmenû)! Have piety (takwâ) towards Allah and relinquish what remains from usury, if you are (true) believers.
But if you do not do (it), then be apprised of war from Allah and His Messenger; and if you repent, then you shall have your principal, you shall not (thus) wrong and you shall not be wronged.
And if (the debtor) is in distress (if he will not be able to pay his debt), then let there be postponement until he is in ease. And for you to remit (it) as alms is better for you if you knew.
And guard yourselves against a Day in which you shall be returned to Allah; then every soul shall pay back in full what it has earned; and they shall not be dealt with unjustly.
O you who believe (are âmenû)! When you deal with each other in contracting a debt for a fixed time, then write it down. Let a scribe write it down between you with fairness; and the scribe should not flinch to write as Allah has taught him, so he should write exactly the way it is; and let him who owes the debt dictate. And let him have piety (takwâ) towards Allah, his Lord, (and let him guard himself against His Orders) and let him not diminish anything from it; but if he who owes the debt is unsound in understanding, or weak or (if) he is not able to dictate himself, let his guardian dictate in justice (with fairness); and call in to witness from among your men two witnesses; but if there are not two men, then one man and two women of such as you approve as witnesses, so that if one of the two (women) forgets, the other (woman) may remind her; and the witnesses should not refuse when they are summoned; do not become weary to write it (your contract) (whether it is) small or large, together with the date of payment. This is more equitable in the Sight of Allah and assures greater accuracy in testimony and the nearest (way) to prevent doubts among yourselves, except when it is ready merchandise which you give and take (cash in-cash out) among yourselves from hand to hand, then there is no sin on you if you do not write it down. But take witnesses whenever you buy-sell with one another, and let no harm be done to the scribe or to the witness; and if you do (it), then surely it will be wickedness (Fisq=going out of the Way of Allah or falling out of the path of Allah) for you. Have piety (takwâ) towards Allah and Allah teaches you, and Allah is the All-Knowing of all things.
If you are on a journey and you do not find a scribe, then let there be a pledge taken (from the debtor) (this is sufficient); then he who is trusted should deliver his trust (his debt) and let him have piety (takwâ) towards Allah, his Lord, and do not conceal testimony, and whoever conceals it, his heart is surely sinful and Allah is the All-Knowing of what you do.
Whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth is Allah’s; and whether you manifest what is in your souls (in yourselves) or hide it, Allah will call you to account for it. Then He forgives whom He wills and torments (punishes) whom He wills. And Allah has Power over all things.
The Messenger believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord and (so do) the believers; they all believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers; they say: “We make no distinction between any of His Messengers; and we hear and obey”! (We seek) Your Forgiveness, our Lord and to You is the journeying (our journey is towards you and we indeed reach you).
Allah does not burden a soul but to the extent of their ability; for it is what it has earned (positive degrees), and upon it what it has earned (negative degrees). Our Lord! Do not take us to task if we forget or make a mistake. Our Lord! Do not lay on us a burden as You did lay on those before us. Our Lord! Do not impose upon us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Pardon us and grant us Forgiveness. Have mercy on us (manifest upon us with your Mercy attribute and send us your light of mercy). You are our Lord (Maulâ, Befriender Supporter, Protector...) so help us against the unbelieving people (Give us victory over the disbelieving people).
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Abu Bakr al Shatri
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Quran Surahs (Surahs listed in Quran order)