An-Nur, Surah The Light (Qur'an: Surat-24-An-Nur)
The Noble Qur'an
24/An-Nur-1: Sooraatun anzalneahea va faaraadneahea va anzalnea feehea eayeatin bayyineatin laaallakum tazakkaroon(tazakkaroona)., 24/An-Nur-2: Az zeaniyatu vaz zeanee faclidoo kulla veahıdin min humea miata caldatin va lea ta’huzkum bi himea raa’fatun fee deenilleahi in kuntum tu’minoona billeahi val yavmil eahır(eahırı), val yashhad aazeabahumea teaifatun minal mu’mineen(mu’mineena)., 24/An-Nur-3: Az zeanee lea yankihu illea zeaniyatan av mushrikatan vaz zeaniyatu lea yankihuhea illea zeanin av mushrik(mushrikun), va hurrima zealika aalal mu’mineen(mu’mineena).
An-Nur, Surah The Light (Qur'an: Surat-24-An-Nur)
Bismillaah ir rahmaan ir raheem
(This is) a chapter (Sûrah) which We have sent down and made obligatory (some verses of it). And We sent down explained Verses in it with Clear proofs, that perhaps you may deliberate.
The adulteress and the adulterer, flog each of them a hundred stripes (that affects the skin only) and let not pity for them detain you concerning (the application of) Allah’s Religion, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day, and let a party of the believers witness their torment.
The adulterer cannot marry other than an adulteress or an idolatress and as for the adulteress; none can marry her except an adulterer or an idolater. All that is forbidden to the believers.
And for those who accuse chaste women, then cannot bring four witnesses, flog them with eighty stripes (that affects the skin only) and never accept their witnessing, and these it is that are the transgressors (who are not in the Way of Allah or have gone out of it).
Except those who repent after this and improve. Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful (the One who manifests with His Mercy attribute).
And those who accuse their wives of adultery, if they have no witnesses but themselves, then the testimony of each of them shall be a testimony sworn by Allah four times repeated, that he is indeed of the truthful ones (of those who speak the truth).
And the fifth (testimony) is that Allah’s Curse be upon him if he is one of the liars.
And it shall avert the torment (punishment) from her if she bears witness four times by Allah, that he (her husband) is most surely one of the liars.
And the fifth (testimony) that the Wrath of Allah be upon her if he is one of the truthful (if he has spoken the truth).
And if it had not been for the Virtue of Allah upon you and His Mercy (you would have under-gone a punishment)! And that Allah is Oft- Forgiving (the One Who accepts repentance), the All-Wise (the Owner of Wisdom and Judgment).
Surely those who brought forth the slander (against Âishah) are a party from among you. Do not regard it an evil for you; nay, it is good for you. For each of them there is what he has earned of the sin (punishment); and as for him among them who had managed (concocted and spread) to the greater part of it, for him there is a great torment.
If only the believing men and the believing women, when they heard of it (of the slander), had thought good in their own minds, and said: “This is a manifest slander”.
If only they had brought four witnesses of it. Since they failed to bring the witnesses, they verily are the liars within the Sight of Allah.
And had it not been for the Virtue of Allah unto you and His Mercy in this world and in the Hereafter, a great torment would have touched you because of that which you entered into (the slander, backbiting).
You were telling (asking) it (slander) with your tongues (and passed it around) and uttered with your mouths that of which you had no knowledge, and you deemed it an unimportant matter, while with Allah it was very great (crime).
Should you not have said, when you heard of it, “it does not beseem us that we should talk of it; glory be to You! This is a great calumny”?
Allah admonishes (commands) you that you should not return to the like of it ever again if you are believers.
And Allah makes clear to you His Verses; and Allah is All-Knowing, All- Wise (the Owner of Wisdom and Judgment).
As for those who love that indecency (adultery, shameful events, slander, evil) should spread among those who believe, for them there is a painful torment in this world and the Hereafter; and Allah knows, while you do not know.
And if it had not been for the Virtue of Allah on you and His Mercy (He would have tormented you) and surely Allah is full of Kindness, Most Merciful.
O you who believe (who are âmenû, who wish to reach Allah before death), do not follow the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan)! And whosoever follows the footsteps of Satan, then surely he commands Al-Fahshâ (indecency, all kinds of evil) and Al-Munkar (the denial and all that Allah has forbidden). And if it had not been for the Virtue and Mercy of Allah unto you (if these had not be placed into the hearts of your souls), none of you could have ever cleansed his soul, but Allah cleanses the souls of whom He wills and Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.
And let not those of you (amongst you) who possess Virtue and Wealth swear against giving to the near of kin and to the needy and to the emigrants in the Way of Allah; let them pardon and be indulgent. Do you not love that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Those who slander chaste and believing women (without their knowledge), are cursed in the world and the Hereafter. And for them there is a great torment.
On that Day their tongues, their hands and their feet (their life films) will bear witness against them as to what they used to do.
On the Day of Permission Allah will pay for their religion in full their just reward (the equivalent of the negative and positive degrees that they have earned) and they shall know that Allah is the Manifest Truth (who expounds the truth, fulfils it).
Vile women are for the vile men, and the vile men are for the vile women. The good and clean women are for the good and clean men. The good and clean men are for the good and clean women. These are the ones who are free from what they say (against them). For them is Forgiveness (the changing of the evil deeds into merits) and a generous sustenance (offered by Allah).
O you who believe (who are âmenû, who wish to reach Allah before death)! Do not enter houses other than your own houses, until you ask for permission, and salute those in them. This is better for you, that you may deliberate (remember).
And if you do not find any one therein, then do not enter them until permission is given to you. And if you are asked to go back, then go back; this is purer (appropriate) for you; and Allah is All-Knowing of what you do.
There is no sin on you that you enter uninhabited houses wherein is a benefit with your presence. And Allah knows what you do openly and what you hide.
Say to the believing men that they cast down their looks (they keep away from prohibited), guard their chastity; that is purer for them. Surely Allah is All-Aware of what they do.
And say to the believing women that they cast down their looks (they keep away from prohibited) and guard their chastity. They should not display their ornaments except what is visible (hands, face and feet), and let them wear (cover) their head-coverings over their collar. And they should not display their ornaments except to their husbands or their fathers, or the fathers of their husbands, or their sons, or the sons of their husbands, or their brothers, or their brothers’ sons, or their sisters’ sons, or women, or those whom their right hands possess (concubines), or the male servants not having need of women, or the children who have not attained knowledge of what is hidden of women. And let them not strike their feet so that what they hide of their ornaments may be known. O believers repent to Allah altogether! So that you may have Salvation.
And marry the women and men and the improved ones of your male slaves and your female slaves among you who are single. If they are poor, Allah will enrich them out of His Virtue. And Allah is All-Embracing (His Bestowals, His Blessings are abundant), All-Knowing.
And let those who do not find the means to marry keep themselves chaste, until Allah enriches them of His Virtue. And those who ask for a writing (of emancipation) from among those whom your right hands possess (your male and female slaves) give them the writing (of emancipation) if you know any good in them, and give them of the wealth which Allah has given you. And do not compel your slave girls to prostitution, when they desire to protect their chastity, in order to seek the frail good of this world’s life. Whoever compels them, then surely after their compulsion, Allah is Oft-Forgiving (the One converts the sins into merits), Most Merciful (the One that manifests with His mercy attribute).
And certainly We have sent down to you clear Verses and an example of those who have passed away before you, and an admonition to those who have piety.
Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. A likeness of His Light is as a niche (a source that gives off light) in which is a lamp, the lamp is in a glass, the glass is as it were a brightly shining star, lit from an oil of a blessed tree that is neither in the east nor in the west. The oil whereof gives light on its own, even if no fire touches it. (It is) a light upon light. Allah delivers to His Light whom He wills and Allah sets forth parables for mankind. And Allah is All-Knowing of everything.
(Allah’s Light is) in houses which Allah has permitted His Name to be exalted and remembered (repeated) in them. There they glorify Him in the mornings and the evenings.
Men whom neither merchandise nor selling diverts from the Remembrance (Dhikr) of Allah, and the keeping up of the Prayer and the giving of the alms (that) they fear a Day when the hearts and eyes will be overturned (of terror).
Allah increases for them from His Virtue to recompense them in a best way for what they did; and Allah gives sustenance to whom He wills without measure.
And those who disbelieve, their deeds are like a mirage in a desert. The thirsty one deemed it to be water; when he came up to it, he found it to be nothing; and there he found Allah (against him). So (Allah) paid him his reckoning in full. And Allah is Swift at reckoning.
Or like utter darkness in a vast deep sea, overwhelmed with waves topped by waves, which is topped by dark clouds. Darkness upon darkness, when he stretches out his hand, he can hardly see it! And he for whom Allah has not appointed light, for him there is no light.
Did you not see that the heavens and the earth and the birds in lines glorify Allah? They all know the prayer and their glorification. And Allah is All-Knowing of what they do.
And Allah’s is the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth and to Allah is the return.
Do you not see that Allah drives clouds gently, then joins them together, then makes them into a heap of layers? Then you see He brings forth the rain from their midst. And He sends down from the sky hail mountains. So strikes therewith whom He wills, and averts it from whom He wills. The vivid flash of its lightning almost takes away (blinds) the sight.
Allah alternates the night and the day. Most surely there is a lesson in this for those who have insight.
And Allah has created every animal from water. Some of them walk upon their belly, some walk upon their two feet and some walk upon four feet. Allah creates what He wills. Surely Allah is omnipotent.
Certainly We have sent down Verses that explain. Allah delivers whom He wills to Sıratı Mustakîm (the Path directed to Allah).
And they say: “We have believed in Allah and in the Messenger, and We obeyed”. Then a party of them turn back after this; and these are not believers.
And when they are called to Allah and His Messenger that he may judge between them, a party of them turn their faces away.
And if the truth is on their side (if they are the owners of the truth), they come to him quickly (obedient).
Is there in their hearts a disease, or are they in doubt, or do they fear that Allah and His Messenger should take sides against them (deal with them unfairly)? Nay! They themselves are the unjust.
The word of the believers, when they are invited to Allah and His Messenger that he may judge between them, is only to say: “We have heard and we obeyed”. And these it is who have Salvation.
And whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger, and feels reverence towards Allah and has piety towards Him, these it is that are the achievers of Salvation.
And they (the disbelievers) swear by Allah their strongest oaths that if you commanded them they would certainly go forth (to fight). Say: “Do not swear! (This is) a known (evident) obedience”. Surely Allah is Well-Aware of what you do.
Say: “Obey Allah and the Messenger. But if you turn away (do not obey) after that, then only the burden of his duty is on him (to convey)”. And the burden of your duty is on you. If you obey him, you reach Hidayet. No responsibility rests on the Messenger but clear conveying.
Allah has promised to those of you who believe (who are âmenû, who wish to reach Allah before death) and do improving deeds (that cleanses the soul) that He will most certainly make them successors (Caliphs) in the earth as He made successors those before them, and that He will most certainly strengthen for them their Religion with which He has been pleased, and that He will most certainly, after their fear, give them security in exchange. They become servants to Me, they do not associate anything with Me. Whoever denies after this, these it is who are the Fâsiqûn (those who are not in the Way of Allah or have gone out of it).
And keep up the Prayer and pay alms (Az-Zâkât) and obey the Messenger, that perhaps you may receive mercy.
Do not think that the disbelievers can make (Allah) incapable in the earth. And their abode is the Fire; and certainly evil is their destination.
O you who believe (who are âmenû)! Let those whom your right hands possess (your male and female slaves) and those of you who have not attained to puberty ask permission of you during three occasions. Before the prayer of dawn, when you put off your clothes at midday, and after the prayer of the nightfall. These are three occasions of privacy for you (that they need to stay away from you). Neither is it a sin for you nor for them besides these, to move about, attending to each other. Thus does Allah make clear to you the Verses. And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
And when the (your) children among you have attained to puberty, let them ask permission as those before them asked permission. Thus does Allah make clear to you His Verses, and Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
And old women who have no hope of marriage, it is no blame (sin) for them if they put off their outer clothes without displaying their ornaments. To wish to remain chaste is better for them. And Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.
There is no difficulty on the blind, or on the handicapped, or on the sick. Nor there is a difficulty on yourselves that you eat in your houses, or your fathers’ houses or your mothers’ houses, or your brothers’ houses, or your sisters’ houses, or your paternal uncles’ houses, or your paternal aunts’ houses, or your maternal uncles’ houses, or your maternal aunts’ houses, or what you possess the keys of, or at your friends. It is no sin for you that you eat together or separately. When you enter houses, salute one another with a greeting from Allah, blessed and goodly! Thus does Allah make clear to you His Verses that you may use your intellect.
Only the believers who believe in Allah and His Messenger do not go away until they have asked his permission when they are with him on a certain affair. Surely those who ask your permission are those who believe in Allah and His Messenger. So when they ask your permission for some affair of theirs, give permission to whom you will of them and ask forgiveness for them from Allah. Surely Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful (the One that manifests with His Mercy attribute).
Do not hold the Messenger’s calling among you to be like your calling one to the other! Allah indeed knew those who left secretly concealing themselves behind others. Therefore let those who go against his order beware lest a trial (Fitnah) should befall them or a painful torment be inflicted on them.
Now surely Allah’s is whatever is in the heavens and the earth, are they not? He knew indeed that on which you were (what was in your hearts). And on the Day on which they are returned to Him, He will inform them of what they did; and Allah is All-Knowing of everything.
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